10 July 2024
Alimony and Taxes

Divorce is a challenging process, and understanding the financial implications of alimony (also known as spousal support) is crucial for both parties involved. For divorcing couples in Hawaii, it’s important to be aware of how alimony affects taxes and what legal considerations come into play.

1. Understanding Alimony in Hawaii

In Hawaii, alimony is awarded based on several factors, including the length of the marriage, the standard of living during the marriage, the financial resources of each spouse, and the contributions of each spouse to the marriage. The goal of alimony is to support the lower-earning spouse and help them maintain a similar standard of living post-divorce.

Similar Link: The Impact of Hawaii Custody Laws on Joint Custody Arrangements

2. Tax Treatment of Alimony

Recent changes in federal tax laws have significantly altered the tax treatment of alimony:

  • Pre-2019 Agreements: For divorce agreements finalized before January 1, 2019, alimony payments are tax-deductible for the payer and considered taxable income for the recipient. This means that the spouse paying alimony can deduct these payments from their taxable income, while the receiving spouse must report it as income and pay taxes accordingly.
  • Post-2018 Agreements: For divorce agreements finalized on or after January 1, 2019, alimony payments are no longer tax-deductible for the payer, nor are they considered taxable income for the recipient. This change is a result of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) of 2017, which aimed to simplify tax filings and reduce the burden on the IRS.

3. Implications for Divorcing Couples

Given these changes, divorcing couples in Hawaii should consider the following:

  • Negotiating Alimony: Since alimony payments are no longer tax-deductible for new agreements, the payer might be less inclined to agree to higher alimony amounts. Couples should carefully negotiate alimony terms, possibly involving a financial advisor to understand the post-tax impact on both parties.
  • Revisiting Old Agreements: For those with pre-2019 alimony agreements, it may be beneficial to review and possibly modify the terms to align with current financial situations. However, modifying the agreement might subject it to the new tax rules, so it’s important to consult with a legal professional.
  • Tax Planning: Recipients of alimony under pre-2019 agreements must remember to report these payments as income. Tax planning is essential to avoid underpayment penalties and ensure that sufficient funds are set aside for tax obligations.

Read More: Roadmap To Divorce Process In Hawaii: A Comprehensive Step-by-Step Guide for Hawaiians

4. Legal Considerations

  • Consulting with Professionals: Both parties should seek advice from divorce attorneys who understand Hawaii’s laws and the federal tax implications of alimony. A knowledgeable attorney can help negotiate fair terms and ensure compliance with state and federal regulations.
  • Court Orders and Documentation: Proper documentation is critical. Ensure that all alimony agreements are court-ordered and clearly stipulate the terms, including the duration and amount of payments. This documentation is crucial for both legal and tax purposes.
  • Changes in Circumstances: If there are significant changes in either party’s financial situation, such as job loss or remarriage, they should promptly seek a modification of the alimony agreement. This can help avoid legal disputes and ensure that the alimony arrangement remains fair and practical.


Navigating alimony and taxes in the context of divorce can be complex, particularly with recent changes in tax laws. For divorcing couples in Hawaii, understanding these nuances and seeking professional guidance from a Divorce Lawyer in Hawaii can help ensure a fair and financially sound outcome for both parties. Always consult with a qualified attorney and financial advisor to tailor the alimony agreement to your specific circumstances and to stay compliant with current laws.

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